A largely semi-desert country, Chad is rich in gold and uranium and stands to benefit from its recently-acquired status as an oil-exporting state.
Chad’s post-independence history has been marked by instability and violence, stemming mostly from tension between the mainly Arab-Muslim north and the predominantly Christian and animist south.
Chad became an oil-producing nation in 2003, with the completion of a $4bn pipeline linking its oilfields to terminals on the Atlantic coast.
However, Africa’s fifth-largest nation suffers from inadequate infrastructure, and internal conflict. Poverty is rife, and health and social conditions compare unfavourably with those elsewhere in the region.
The Beautiful Chad You Have to Visit to Appreciate
- The Republic of Chad
- Capital : N’Djamena
- Population 11.8 million
- Area 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)
- Major languages French, Arabic
- Major religions Islam, Christianity
- Life expectancy 49 years (men), 52 years (women)
- Currency CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc