Hungary traces its history back to the Magyars, an alliance of semi-nomadic tribes from southern Russia and the Black Sea coast that arrived in the region in the ninth century.
After centuries as a powerful medieval kingdom, Hungary was part of the Ottoman and then Habsburg empires from the 16th century onwards, emerging as an independent country again after the First World War.
A landlocked country, Hungary is home to Lake Balaton, the largest in central Europe, and to a large number of spa towns and hot springs.
It has especially rich traditions in folk and classical music and has been the birthplace of many outstanding performers and composers, including Franz Liszt, Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly
The Beautiful Hungary You Have to Visit to Appreciate
- Capital: Budapest
- Population 10 million
- Area 93,030 sq km (35,919 sq miles)
- UN, World Bank
- Major language Hungarian
- Major religion Christianity
- Life expectancy 71 years (men), 78 years (women)
- Currency Forint
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