Iraq, in an area once home to some of the earliest civilisations, became a battleground for competing forces after the US-led ousting of President Saddam Hussein in 2003.
The Shia-led governments that have held power since then have struggled to maintain order, and the country has enjoyed only brief periods of respite from high levels of sectarian violence.
Violence and sabotage hinder the revival of an economy shattered by decades of conflict and sanctions. Iraq has the world’s third largest reserves of crude oil.
The Beautiful Iraq You Have to Visit to Appreciate
- Republic of Iraq
- Capital: Baghdad
- Population 33.7 million
- Area 438,317 sq km (169,235 sq miles)
- Major languages Arabic, Kurdish
- Major religion Islam
- Life expectancy 68 years (men), 73 years (women)
- Currency Iraqi dinar
Travel & Economy